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Senior Dog Eye Problems

Close up of a small senior dog's eyes

Your dog, like people, will grow more prone to health issues as he gets older. Some eye disorders are a normal part of aging, resulting from normal wear and tear. Others might be the consequence of an accident or other major health problems. You can identify common eye disorders in Senior dogs and discover any potentially significant abnormalities early if you know what to do. Continue reading to learn about Senior dog eye problems.

Senior Dog Eye Problems

The eyes of a dog transform reflected light into nerve impulses. The brain utilizes to create pictures of the world. All of the eye’s numerous elements must be healthy for the proper functioning of eyes. Unfortunately, various disorders can cause problems with a dog’s eyesight. Let’s look at some of the most frequent eye issues senior dogs have.

Nuclear Sclerosis

Nuclear sclerosis is a common occurrence in senior dogs, and it develops as the layers of cells within the eye grow more densely packed together over time as new layers are stacked. Your dog’s eyes will become progressively hazy over time. Nuclear sclerosis can impair vision significantly (think of a middle-aged person who needs reading glasses) does not cause total blindness.


Senior Dachshund with hands holding eye open to view cataract on white background

Cataracts are a common illness in dogs, with symptoms often appearing in 6 to 8 years of dogs. This condition can afflict dogs at any age (from puppyhood to old age) and is caused by eye damage or infection. The alteration starts in the middle of the lens and travels outward, giving the eyes a hazy appearance. The eyesight of a dog with cataracts may deteriorate with time. Cataracts are not painful and can occasionally get cured surgically.


In this condition, fluid builds up in the eye that does not drain correctly. That causes damage to the optic nerve and retina. Glaucoma may be uncomfortable for your dog, and if left untreated, it can lead to blindness. Cloudy eyes are a sign of glaucoma. Tearing, bulging of the eyes, and dilated pupils, are further signs. Glaucoma symptoms can be relieved with surgery and medicines.

Pink Eyes

Close up of a golden retriever with an eye infection.

Many dog owners are unaware that their pets might get pink eye or conjunctivitis. Symptoms are similar to those seen in humans: Redness in the eyes, a state of inflammation, Gooey ejection.

If your dog develops pink eye due to a bacterial illness, he should see a veterinarian and receive antibiotic eye drops. An allergic response to pollen or cigarette smoke causes pink eye in some cases, and your dog will need treatment to wash the irritants out of his eyes.


Dry eye, also known as Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca, is caused by a lack of lubricant in the tear ducts. That irritates your dog’s eyes by making it difficult for them to expel dust and grime. Dry eyes can cause cornea scratches and ulcers if not treated appropriately. Here are some warning indicators to keep an eye out for Blinking excessively, Redness in the eyes, a squint, Grasping the eyes

 A simple remedy frequently treats dry eyes. Consult your veterinarian if your dog shows these symptoms and check whether artificial tear drops will assist.

Retinal Degeneration

Close up of a small long haired senior dog with hazy eyes

Sudden Acquired Retinal Degeneration Syndrome (SARDS) causes the retina to deteriorate, resulting in blindness in both eyes of the dog. In dogs, this disease develops swiftly and can cause complete blindness in as little as a few days or weeks. SARDS dogs may have a tough time adjusting to their visual impairment due to the abrupt nature of the ailment.

Irritation in Eyes

The eyes are a particularly susceptible bodily region. Any dog, regardless of age, might have anything in his eye (dirt, dust, seeds, etc.) or even be attacked by another animal. If your dog is blinking a lot, keeping his or her eye shut, or crying, it’s a good idea to flush the afflicted eye with artificial tears. Otherwise, keep an eye on the situation—calling the vet to be sure never hurts. Many seemingly vision issues might quickly escalate into something more significant.

Weakness in Iris

Senior pug with clouded eyes

Some elderly dogs acquire a weakening in the muscle that constricts the pupil in the iris. These dogs may be light-sensitive. If their lens is foggy as well, it will be more visible through their bigger pupil, adding to the vague look of the eye.

Both of these changes are natural, occur at a modest pace.

Damage to Cornea

Dogs, like people, get stuff in their eyes from time to time. Grass and dirt are frequent offenders, especially if your dog enjoys playing outside. When your dog attempts to relieve his aggravation by scratching his eyes with his paws and inadvertently harming himself with his nail, damage to the cornea can result. Here are some symptoms that your dog’s cornea is damaged: Redness in the eyes, excessive tearing of the eyes, Grabbing the eyeball

If you think your dog’s cornea is injured, take him to the doctor as soon as possible.


Close up of the face of a senior collie with clouded eyes with a lump on its bottom eyelid.

A lump on the eyelid is the most visible eye disorder in dogs. These do not disturb your dog. Your veterinarian may perform a biopsy to check that the lump isn’t malignant and determine whether to remove it or not.

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